MUSLIM CONTRIBUTION TO THE WORLD OF SCIENCE
Diagram of a solar eclipse / From The Wonders of Creation and the Oddities of Existence / Text by Zakariyya ibn Muhammad al-Qazwini / Paper, ink, pigment / Syria, Late 13th century AD / MS.647 p.29 / Courtesy of 1001 Inventions
Elephant Clock invented by Master Engineer Al-Jazari / Courtesy of 1001 Inventions
Artistic impressions of Abbas ibn Firnas and his successful 9th-century flight / Courtesy of 1001 Inventions
A scale model of Al-Jazari’s 13th-century Scribe Clock / Courtesy of 1001 Inventions
Qibla indicator / Abd al-A’imma / Brass / Iran (Isfahan) / Late 17th century AD / MW.452 / Courtesy of 1001 Inventions
Al-Idrisi’s 12th-century world map / Courtesy of 1001 Inventions
Rabi’ah (ra) states, “I seen the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W(pbuh) on countless occassions, brushing his teeth with the siwaak (tooth stick), while he was in the state of fasting” (Tirmidhi)
The Method of Medicine) was an influential Arabic medical encyclopedia on medicine and surgery, written near the year 1000 CE by Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (Abulcasis), the “father of modern surgery”.The 30-volume work includes anatomical descriptions, classifications of diseases, information on nutrition and surgery, and sections on medicine, orthopaedics, ophthalmology, pharmacology, nutrition, and especially surgery.
Think of origins of that staple of modern life,The cup of Coffe ,and Italy often springs to mind.But in Fact,Yemen is where the ubiquitous brew has its true origins.
removal of difficulties, has encouraged me to compose a short work on calculating by al-jabr and al-muqabala, confining it to what is easiest and most useful in arithmetic.”
Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi Arab Mathematician
Guinness Book Recorded as the oldest University on Earth
were in the fields of optics, mathematics, and astronomy
that floated on a lake to entertain guests at royal drinking parties
al-Zahrawi treating a patient while students look on.in the 900s CE
Hospital as we know them today, With wards and teaching centers,come from 9th century Egypt.The first such medical center was the Ahmad ibn tulun Hospital founded in 872CE in Cairo(Egypt).Tulun hospital provided free care for anyone who needed it- a policy based on the Muslim Tradition of caring for all who are sick.From Cairo,Such hospitals spread around the muslim world.The most famous hospitals, including those in Baghdad, Damascus and Cairo, contained lecture rooms, pharmacies and libraries. As important as reading and mastering texts was to instruction in the Islamic tradition, many students received practical training in hospitals. Some even observed patients at the bedside.